The origin of the term cloud computing is unclear. The expression cloud is commonly used in science to describe a large agglomeration of objects that visually appear from a distance as a cloud and describes any set of things whose details are not inspected further in a given context.
References to cloud computing in its modern sense can be found as early as 1996, with the earliest known mention to be found in a Compaq internal document.
The popularization of the term can be traced to 2006 when Amazon.com introduced the Elastic Compute Cloud.
The underlying concept of cloud computing dates to the 1950s, when large-scale mainframe computers were seen as the future of computing, and became available in academia and corporations
Cloud computing is believed to have been invented by Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider also known as “computing’s Johnny Appleseed,” for planting the seeds of computing in the digital age in the 1960s.
In 1994, AT&T launched PersonaLink Services, an online platform for personal and business communication and entrepreneurship. The storage was one of the first to be all web-based, and referenced in their commercials as, “you can think of our electronic meeting place as the cloud.”
Since 2000 the technology highway feels like driving a 2015 La Ferrari.
Amazon Web Services introduced their cloud storage service AWS S3 in 2006, and has gained widespread recognition and adoption as the storage supplier to popular services like Smugmug, Dropbox, and Pinterest.
In early 2008, Eucalyptus became the first open-source, AWS API-compatible platform for deploying private clouds. In early 2008, OpenNebula, enhanced in the RESERVOIR European Commission-funded project, became the first open-source software for deploying private and hybrid clouds, and for the federation of clouds. In the same year, efforts were focused on providing quality of service guarantees (as required by real-time interactive applications) to cloud-based infrastructures. By mid-2008, Gartner saw an opportunity for cloud computing “to shape the relationship among consumers of IT services, those who use IT services and those who sell them” and observed that “organizations are switching from company-owned hardware and software assets to per-use service-based models” so that the “projected shift to computing … will result in dramatic growth in IT products in some areas and significant reductions in other areas.”
In July 2010, Rackspace Hosting and NASA jointly launched an open-source cloud-software initiative known as OpenStack.
On March 1, 2011, IBM announced the IBM SmartCloud framework to support Smarter Planet. Among the various components of the Smarter Computing foundation, cloud computing is a critical piece.
In July 2010, Rackspace Hosting and NASA jointly launched an open-source cloud-software initiative known as OpenStack. The OpenStack project intended to help organizations offer cloud-computing services running on standard hardware. The early code came from NASA’s Nebula platform as well as from Rackspace’s Cloud Files platform.
On March 1, 2011, IBM announced the IBM SmartCloud framework to support Smarter Planet.Among the various components of the Smarter Computing foundation, cloud computing is a critical piece.
On June 7, 2012, Oracle announced the Oracle Cloud.
Cloud computing is the result of evolution and adoption of existing technologies and paradigms. The goal of cloud computing is to allow users to take beneﬁt from all of these technologies, without the need for deep knowledge about or expertise with each one of them. The cloud aims to cut costs, and help the users focus on their core business instead of being impeded by IT obstacles.
As we drive into our week lets consider our next conversation in our informative learning experience the characteristics of cloud computing. Drive safe and we’ll see you next week!
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No one understand the cloud!!!
In the next few weeks Paylab Plus will be engaging in the conversation of “What Is The Cloud Anyway?” Lets start by discovering data storage.
Cloud storage is a model of data storage where the digital data is stored in logical pools (method of allocating space) , the physical storage spans multiple servers (and often locations), and the physical environment is typically owned and managed by a hosting company. These cloud storage providers are responsible for keeping the data available and accessible, and the physical environment protected and running. People and organizations buy or lease storage capacity from the providers to store end user, organization, or application data.
Cloud storage services may be accessed through a co-located cloud compute service, a web service application programming interface (API) or by applications that utilize the API, such as cloud desktop storage, a cloud storage gateway or Web-based content management systems.
As the mystery unfolds consumers, small and medium size businesses will get a sense of what the cloud can do for you.
See you next week!
The rise of mobile devices in the workplace, speciﬁcally healthcare facilities, has forced providers to look for ways to utilize mobile technology to increase eﬃciency, improve patient care and drive new businesses to their practice, without compromising HIPAA compliance regulations.
From Visa's Risk Management: For: IT, Information Security, IT Support
Visa has recently noticed an increase in malicious remote access activity associated with unauthorized access to merchant point-of-sale environments and ultimately, payment card data. Many remote access solutions are to provide remote management and technical support for retailers. Used maliciously, they can expose payment card data and other sensitive information to cybercriminals to log in, establish additonal “back doors” by installing malware and steal payment card data. The risk of data compromise substantially increases when remote access applications are not PCI DSS compliant.
Examples of common remote access vulnerabilities that can enable intruders to gain access to merchant POS environments. NOTE: most are also violations of the PCI DSS.
- Remote access ports and services always available on the Internet.
- Outdated or un-patched applications and systems.
- Use of default passwords or no password.
- Use of common usernames and passwords.
- Single-factor authentication.
- Improperly configured firewalls.
The attacks take place by successfully logging in to remote access applications with common username/password combinations. Once inside the network an intruder will typically take steps to disable anti-virus applications and establish additonal “back door” connectivity through the installation of malicious sofware. On systems where payment card data processed, card-capturing malware is often installed and used to collect full track data from the POS system. Finally, card data is removed to remote IP addresses.
We are urging you to share this information with your colleagues in the IT departments.
Not sure what option is best for your business? Take a look at this article that hashes out the good and bad with phone systems.
Take a look at the picture Visa released on how to understand the EMV Chip Cards.
An investigation is taking place regarding a credit card breach at GoodWill locations nationwide. They first noticed the possible incident on Friday July, 18th with the activity similar to other data breaches that have taken place like Michaels, Target and Neiman Marcus.
With all these security breaches taking place it seems the change to EMV cards can’t come soon enough. The deadline is coming on October 1, 2015 and as Visa’s announcement states, “Currently, POS counterfeit fraud is largely absorbed by card issuers. With the liability shift, if a contact chip card is presented to a merchant that has not adopted, at minimum, contact chip terminals, the ability for counterfeit fraud may shift to the merchant’s acquirer.”
EMV-enabled cards rely on an embedded chip and PIN number instead of the traditional magnetic stripe and signature that the U.S uses today. This strategy reduces the vulnerability of cardholder data when making purchases, preventing ‘skimming’ or copying card data embedded in a card’s magstripe. EMV cards and terminals have already been adopted in other parts of the world and have helped to reduce fraud, chargebacks, and card counterfeits.